25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
Today, 25 November, is the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. "At Bocconi, we believe that spreading knowledge and awareness about diversity and inclusion is one way in which we can all fight violence against women and girls," says Catherine De Vries, Dean for Diversity and Inclusion.
31 Years Ago the Rights of the Child Were Born
On November 20, 1989, the UN adopted the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, later ratified by 196 countries, including Italy in 1991. "It is a series of legal obligations linked to the concept of the pre-eminence of a child's best interests," explains Roger O'Keefe, Professor of International Law at Bocconi. "The application of these rules is not easy, because there is an international level but the fulfilment of most of the obligations is the responsibility of national Courts and societies", continues O'Keefe, "even if the most important part of this Convention is the work of social awareness on these issues. It is an important step forward, but there is still much to do".
According to an Experiment, Trump's Victory in 2016 Legitimized Xenophobia. Will It Happen Again?
The outcome of the US lessons will be important, among other things, for the future of immigrants and other minorities. "And this is not only because of the policies of the next President, but also because of how American citizens will behave towards those minorities after the elections," explains Stefano Fiorin, professor in the Department of Economics at Bocconi University. "In fact, when politicians who openly attack minorities (saying they want to build walls or eliminate Roma camps with bulldozers) receive significant electoral success, their words and popularity can lead to the legitimization of derogatory language and violent behavior against these minorities". To demonstrate this hypothesis, in 2016 Fiorin and co-authors conducted an experiment in the U.S., asking participants if they wanted to donate money to an openly anti-immigrationist organization, telling some that the donation would be anonymous, others that it would be public. "What we see," comments Fiorin, "is that before Trump's election, supporting a xenophobic cause was socially stigmatized (participants were less inclined to donate when participation was public)." Immediately after the election, "in which Trump won using an explicitly anti-immigration campaign, this social norm against xenophobia quickly disappeared". Knowing in fact that many countrymen had expressed xenophobic feelings by voting for Trump, "participants began to donate more to the organization even publicly, because they were no longer afraid of being judged as extremists". It will therefore be interesting to understand "whether these dynamics will be reinforced by a Trump victory, or whether a Biden victory can resurface those social norms in defense of minorities that existed in the past," Fiorin concludes.
Milgrom and Wilson, Two Microeconomists Fundamental for Game and Auction Theory
Pierpaolo Battigalli, Professor of microeconomics and game theory and Director of the Department of Decision Sciences at Bocconi, comments on the 2020 Nobel Prize for Economics
Nobel Prize to Milgrom and Wilson. Thanks to Them, We Understand How Markets Really Work
Marco Ottaviani, Professor of Economics at Bocconi, comments on the 2020 Nobel Prize for Economics
Be Responsible, Be Sustainable, Be Safe
Bocconi has reopened safely with a campus ready to welcome the community back. Be responsible, be sustainable, be safe. #YourSafetyMatters #nowmorethanever
European Recovery Fund. Now Italy Must Roll Up Its Sleeves to Make This Historic Deal Work
Italy has got a good deal, explains Carlo Altomonte, professor of European economic policy at Bocconi University: "Meanwhile, the overall structure of the Recovery Fund has never been questioned", explains the professor. "Today we can make debt to areas of the Union that are in difficulty and it is a revolution". In addition, this "finally common, finally European" fiscal policy is flanked by monetary policy to support the economic cycle. "And the markets are rightly celebrating", Altomonte comments. In terms of the political cost of the negotiations, "transfers to the states are maintained, but spending on European public goods is reduced. So, less money for investments, for research, for the energy transition". For this reason, "it is necessary that national recovery plans recoup at least partially this part of expenditure on green and digital", continues Altomonte. However, they must also speed up the timing of disbursements ("By the end of the year we can already have a green light, if we do everything right"), there will be an advance of 10% from January 2021 of the funds disbursed "and the possibility to include also the expenses already made in 2020. Finally, to those who point out that all the money that countries like Italy will receive will have to be repaid anyway, Carlo Altomonte replies that "in reality, this is not the case. The countries are giving a guarantee to the EU budget to pay it back from 2028, but new European revenues are also being activated in the agreement". For Italy, the agreement on the Recovery Fund is, in short, "an even better agreement than expected, but it must be very clear that the operational capacity to carry out projects and reforms on schedule, which is our historic weakness, will become central to ensuring the effectiveness of these funds," concludes Altomonte.
The Post Covid Startup Ecosystem
In this live chat by B4i, Markus Venzin, Dean for innovation, and Nico Valenti Gatto, managing director of Bocconi for innovation, discussed the pre acceleration and acceleration opportunities for young, innovative companies with two representatives of such firms: Nadia Neytcheva of Doctors in Italy and Lorenzo Piovani of Wapi
Executive Chat Live
Bocconi University's Rector Gianmario Verona meets Francesco Giavazzi (Vice President, IAC Bocconi) and Laurence Boone (chief economist, OECD) to discuss about “Economic policies and economic outlook in times of Covid-19”.
Doing Business (and Innovation) in Times of Covid19
Gianmario Verona, Rector of Bocconi, discusses the issue with Diego Piacentini, senior advisor of KKR, and Saeed Amidi, CEO of Plug and Play, in the fourth episode of Executive Chat live
CORONAVIRUS/ The Recovery Fund is a historic initiative
The Recovery Fund is a historic initiative, explains Carlo Altomonte, professor of European economic policy. "For the first time, in fact, the European budget is being used in a countercyclical way, i.e. with a procedure that creates European public demand at federal level for an immediate contingency and not for structural expenditure". The key point of what for Altomonte "is truly a real Eurobond, is that it is a mutualised instrument, i.e. not everyone will be rewarded for what they put on the plate". There will be countries, "like Italy and Spain", that will receive more, others, "like Germany", that will receive less.
Information in times of Covid19
Gerard Baker (Wsj) and Maurizio Molinari (La Repubblica) are the guests of Gianmario Verona, rector of Bocconi, for The la testa Executive chat live
Executive Chat Live
Basic and applied research in times of Covid-19 is the topic of the secound round of the Executive chat live series. Gianmario Verona, rector of Bocconi, talks with Alberto Mantovani (Humanitas Research Hospital) and Carlo Rosa (Diasorin)
#BocconiCorrespondents from London, Pier Vittorio Mannucci
“Like many universities around the world, we were faster in understanding the risks of the pandemic and closed before the UK actually went into official lockdown,” Pier Vittorio Mannucci, Bocconi alumnus and professor of Organizational Behaviour at London Business School, tells us in this video from London. “And when lockdown started we witnessed similar scenes to Italy, such as stockpiling. Lockdown here has been a bit lighter - controls are less strict, there is no self-certification and we are not totally confined at home.”
Executive Chat Live
Bocconi University's Rector Gianmario Verona meets Francesca Cornelli (Dean, Kellogg School of Management) and Giovanna Iannantuoni (Rector, Università Bicocca) to discuss about Universities and the social sciences in times of Covid-19.
#BocconiCorrespondents from Moscow, Roberto De Meo
Roberto De Meo, chapter leader of Moscow’s Bocconi Alumni Community and head of CEMEA Region at Visa Consulting & Analytics, is six weeks into lockdown at home. “Covering over 80 countries in my role I am quite used to working remotely, but I do miss traveling and interacting with people face to face.”
#BocconiCorrespondents from Miami, Emanuele Francia
At the end of January, Emanuele Francia, Bocconi alumnus 2002 and SDA Bocconi MBA 2007, left a Beijing still enjoying fairly normal daily life to reach Miami where he was planning to stay for some business. Since then the Business and legal consultant at Allpku and professor at China Agricultural University has witnessed the growing escalation of the Coronavirus emergency in the US. “We are not experiencing a total lockdown here in Miami - the main rule here is to wear a mask in public places and to respect social distancing.” Emanuele is keeping busy meanwhile with online business meetings and with his academic research.
#BocconiCorrespondents from Los Angeles, Leonardo Gerotto
Freedoms and restrictions - Leonardo Gerotto, Bocconi alumnus and global marketing manager (Hot Wheels) at Mattel, tells us in this video all about lockdown in LA
#BocconiCorrespondents from Amsterdam, Pilar Pedrinelli
Over 40 days into self-isolation, Pilar Pedrinelli, Bocconi alumna and Global Engagement Manager at the Rainforest Alliance, the international NGO, reports on what she is observing around her regards the more lenient lockdown being observed in Amsterdam. With regards to her work, “this crisis is hitting very hard the communities we work with that are losing their income“ she observes. “And yes, some say this emergency in the short-term has been better for climate change but looking at the future, with a reprieve of economic activity, we have to hope sustainability is kept in mind and that nations learn their lessons.”
Covid19 / Human Rights in Times of Pandemic
In the last months many of our human rights (the right to not be detained, the right to family life, to freedom of religion, etc) have been curtailed to help stop the spread of Covid-19. “International human rights law permits such limitations for legitimate reasons, such as the protection of lives of others,” explains in this video Roger O’Keefe, professor of International Law at Bocconi. “And where governments have acted in good faith to stop the spread of Covid-19, the measures taken can be justified as such. One state that will however have difficulties is Hungary, which has clearly abused the use of decrees to overturn some rights that cannot be related to the Coronavirus emergency.”
#BocconiCorrespondents from Toronto, Ruben Gaetani
“The city is in lockdown,” tells us Bocconi alumnus and strategic management professor at Toronto University, with the landmark CN Tower in the background
Covid19 / When and how will the air transport sector take off again?
The international air transport sector, a symbol in itself of the freedom of movement, is facing a deep recession, explains in this video Oliviero Baccelli, professor of transport economics & policy at Bocconi, with 55% of revenues disappearing by year end - and European airlines set to be hit even harder. “Recovery will be hard due to lack of business caused by the economic crisis and the need to rebuild trust in flying,” says Baccelli. “There will also be the need to invest in restructuring safety aspects in airports and on board. And the low-cost model will suffer most as it is traditionally based on quick turnarounds in airports and high load factors.” Some good news, concludes Baccelli, can be found in the low price of oil which could compensate the growth in other costs.
#BocconiCorrespondents from London, Virginia Stagni
Personally over 50 days into self isolation, Bocconi alumna is in lockdown in London. Business Development Manager at the Financial Times, Virginia is now busy rethinking projects planned for the near future. And she stays optimistic, “after every crisis comes an opportunity to be grasped.”
#BocconiCorrespondents From New York, Alberto Bisin
“The situation here in New York is serious, with hospitals overwhelmed, but hopefully we have reached the peak,” Bocconi alumnus and professor of economics at NYU. “Personally, I am continuing with my research work here from home, with a particular interest, like all economists at the moment, for epidemiological models.”
Covid19 / A proposal for a return to work, starting with those aged 20/49
It's important to think already about what will come after the quarantine. Massimo Anelli, professor of Economics at the Department of Social and Political Sciences at Bocconi, together with colleagues from Italian and international universities, has elaborated a proposal for the transition phase to be implemented after the pandemic peak. "The economic system could start again from people in the 20-49 age group, which has a coronavirus mortality rate close to zero, allowing them to return to work on a voluntary basis and with a return that will take place in stages to avoid saturating hospitals again". Those who agree to return to work would be monitored by an app and tested frequently "and would be transferred to hotels that are not currently used to avoid contagion with the most at risk groups. For the discomfort and risks involved, participants would be incentivated with an automatic profit-sharing system or a tax benefit that clearly increases net wages," continues Anelli. With regard to schools, the professor explains that in the first phase "they would have to remain closed, while in a second phase it would be possible to reopen elementary and middle schools, but only with teachers under 49 years old". Returning to companies, and in particular regards which should open first, the proposal states that "we should start with the companies that are at the heart of the production chain, to avoid shortages in the supply of intermediate and final products. However, there should be a tax mechanism for distributing the profits of businesses that can reopen to businesses that remain closed".
Covid19 / The UK still benefits from EU aid
Although Brexit became a reality on January 31, from a legal point of view we are still in a transitional phase, explains Justin Frosini, professor of comparative public law at Bocconi, in this video: "Legally, the United Kingdom is still a full member of the Union and the full body of EU law still applies", explains Frosini. "In fact, the Commission has approved a 57 billion euro umbrella UK state aid scheme for companies consisting of direct grants, state guarantees on loans, tax advantages and safeguards for banks. So wether Brexiters like it or not,” concludes Frosini, "fortunately the UK can still benefit from EU aid to combat this terrible pandemic.”
We were feeling a little homesick yesterday, so in our Instagra, Stories we asked what you missed most about Bocconi: and we got so many sweet responses! The campus, the faculty, classes, studying in the Library until the wee hours, chatting with friends, grabbing breakfast before class, all the events and guest speakers, life in the dorms, the artwork all over campus, the pizza del giorno 🙂 ! And many of you mentioned the people. And that’s so true, what makes Bocconi special is its people. So we’re sending warm wishes to all of them
Covid19 / Financial markets must be used to support relaunch of firms
How to raise substantial financial resources and use them in the right way so that the economy kick starts again immediately. This is the challenge being played out in these weeks regardless of the timing with which our communities will slowly reopen, depending on the evolution of the epidemic, explains Stefano Caselli, professor of finance at Bocconi. And this is the reason why the discussion on coronabonds and the strong responses that need to be given has begun. The Italian government has launched a far-reaching plan to guarantee the financing given by banks to companies so that liquidity is not lacking. However, for the restart, it is necessary to look at the capital available in the financial system, without burdening the system again with public debt. The launch of impact bonds to offer capital to companies is a path that must be pursued with determination.
Covid19 / USA and China, protection wins against protectionism
The scarcity of certain products these days, such as personal protective equipment, has been accentuated by the lack of cooperation between countries and protectionism, explains Gianmarco Ottaviano, Fondazione Achille e Giulia Boroli Chair in European studies. "A notable exception has been China, whose export has decreased, but less than that of other products. This is good news because in 2018 the US and the EU received half of foreign supplies of these devices from China". However, the decrease in Chinese exports of masks and other devices decreased more to the US than to the EU. Is this a consequence of Trump's policy? "Yes and no. No, because there is no evidence of voluntary restrictions from China; yes, because they ended up in the cauldron of Chinese goods on which Trump imposed duties. Having noticed this, in the last few days he has removed them, realizing that what people need now is protection and not protectionism.