INSIGHTS AND REPORTS FROM PROFESSORS AND THE BOCCONI COMMUNITY ON THE CONFLICT IN THE HEART OF EUROPE
War in Ukraine: Bocconi stands in solidarity
From day one we have been deeply shocked and saddened by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. We mourn the escalating loss of life and livelihood as this conflict continues, and our heart go out to everyone affected. With students, faculty, staff and alumni from both Ukraine and Russia within our University community, we know the lasting damage this conflict is causing. Bocconi University is committed to the respect of human rights, academic freedom, and open dialogue, and strongly condemns violations of these rights.
Bocconi University is working hard to support students, faculty, and staff who are directly or indirectly affected by the invasion, and we are doing our best to help them in any way we can. We also express our concern for the alumni and their families who live in countries particularly touched by the conflict. Bocconi University, in full respect of its mission, values and Honor Codes, is coordinating its efforts with all relevant Italian Institutions, in particular the Ministry of University and Research, Ministries and Universities, the European Union and the European University Association.
We stand in solidarity with the people in Ukraine and those in Russia who are speaking out against the invasion. We see it as our responsibility as a university to contribute to a better world through research and education and to work for peace, diversity of thought, and freedom in everyday life.Bocconi invites members of its community to support the fundraiser for Ukraine organized jointly by the Red Cross, UNHCR and UNICEF (https://dona.unhcr.it/campagna/emergenza-ucraina/).
What If Russia Adopts CIPS?
Economic sanctions and the exclusion of some Russian banks from the Swift circuit could lead Russia to adopt the alternative payment system Cips, developed by China, which is still in the minority but is growing steadily. “If this is the case," explains Brunello Rosa, visiting professor of Cyber strategy and governance at the Department of Social and Political Sciences at Bocconi University, "we could really see the bifurcation of international payments with two competing systems."
Russia’s all-out attack on Ukraine is the biggest security crisis since the end of the Cold War and the war will have far-reaching consequences for the European continent, highlights Catherine De Vries, professor of Political Science at Bocconi. “The EU has a big role to play and cannot only reply to Russia with sanctions but has to safeguard its security,” she says. “This means an increase in defense spending and strengthening the eastern flank of the EU. And also supporting Ukrainian resistance, accepting refugees and sending troops to states bordering Ukraine. The EU should also work towards greater strategic autonomy – speeding up fiscal integration to strengthen economic power and the Green Deal to diversify away from Russian oil and gas.”
Leaders in Europe and the US hoped that economic sanctions would have enough deterrent power to avert a Russian invasion of Ukraine. It did not. "One wonders at this point what the effectiveness of the sanctions will be," explains Livio Di Lonardo, assistant professor of political science at Bocconi. "These punitive sanctions are designed first and foremost to keep up the credibility of other future sanctions against Putin or other adversaries," Di Lonardo continues. But can sanctions have an immediate impact on current events? "In recent years, Putin has taken steps to protect the Russian economy from sanctions that he expected." The hope is that targeted sanctions against the narrow elite, which is crucial to Putin's survival in power, "can create an internal rift by changing the expectations of these elites. Thus convincing them that the course of action chosen by Putin will lead to a decrease in the economic benefits they have received over the years."
"The sanctions imposed on Russia are unprecedented and aim to strangle the Russian economy by preventing it from accessing international sources of financing," Carlo Altomonte, professor of European economic policy at Bocconi University, explains in this video. "Three main tools are used: blocking access to SWIFT; banning the country's top two banks from accessing dollar liquidity; and blocking central bank assets held with European countries and the United States, which amount to about 40% of these assets." The Russian economy, with the application of these sanctions, thus risks a series of defaults.
The challenge is to educate young people and older adults, and eliminate gender disparities in this area as well. For this to happen, financial literacy must become a policy objective in public welfare
The Concrete Impact of Artificial Intelligence
The field of AI is experiencing a quantum leap thanks to the acceleration in computing capacity. However, the scientific understanding of deep networks and machine learning trails behind the development of applications, so that truly creative AI that builds its own representation of the world is still far in the future
A school that projects you into your future
The Bocconi Graduate School has a double soul: it completes higher education and addresses the world of professional employment, says Dean Antonella Caru'. Her advice to students? Keep an open mind, question yourself, solidify your skills, but also leave room for the unexpected